Within the archaeological records we discover cultural material originating from plants or animals in various states of transformation and decay, according to the environmental conditions.
Often only micro traces are still visible today, which remain as discolorations, depositions or mineralizations.
The Microarchaeology is based on different archaeometric methods. These micro traces can be:
Identified by microscopic and chemical-physical analyses,
Preserved by using non-destructive and minor-destructive analytical methods,
Embedded in their material and cultural context by cross-linking the humanities and natural science.